Work to develop the core and expanded indicators begun in September 2015. The monitoring task team held a series of teleconferences between October 2015 and May 2016 to propose indicators and questions that are based on global norms and look at existing questions in multi-national surveys and national monitoring systems (e.g. the WHO Service Availability and Readiness Assessment, the World Bank’s Service Delivery Indicators, and the USAID-supported Service Provision Assessment). The task team proposed a set of draft service ladders, core and expanded indicators and questions to be discussed at a small Expert Group Meeting in New York in June 2016. The indicators are now finalised and can be used to align surveys and questionnaires with SDG monitoring.
The indicators will be field tested in at least 3 countries by the end of 2016 (these countries are yet to be decided).
Note, at present, all indicators are for outpatient settings. Additional modules, such as maternity and other inpatient wards will be developed later in 2016.
Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA)
SARA is designed to assess service delivery including the service availability mapping (SAM) tool developed by WHO, and the service provision assessment (SPA) tool developed by ICF International
Service Delivery Indicators (SDI)
SDI is a new Africa-wide initiative from the World Bank that collects actionable data on service delivery in schools and health facilities. The SDI data are used to assess the quality and performance of education and health services for decision makers to track progress over time, and for citizens to hold governments accountable for public spending.
Service Provision Assessment (SPA)
USAID's SPA is a health facility assessment that provides a comprehensive overview of a country’s health service delivery and fills an urgent need for monitoring health system strengthening in developing countries. They collect information on the overall availability of different facility-based health services in a country and their readiness to provide those services
Primary Health Care Performance Initiative
PHCPI is a collaboration of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the World Bank and the World Health Organization and will support countries to strengthen monitoring, tracking and sharing of key performance indicators for primary health care. While many countries have identified primary health care as an urgent priority, they lack the data needed to pinpoint weaknesses, understand their causes and drive improvements.